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  • Writer's pictureMichael Paulyn

Quick Snapshot on Ransomware's Elements

Updated: Oct 21, 2023

Ransomware is a type of malware that cybercriminals use to prevent users from having access to their network, system, or data. Hackers will threaten to run off with this access or data, leaving victims in a lurch and panic; the condition is that a ransom needs to be paid in exchange.

3 Key Elements of Ransomware

All types of ransomware have the same essential elements, regardless of how complex or crude. Here's a short explanation of each element below:


As an integral component, access is the element that enables hackers to deploy malware and inject them into encrypted files, resulting in them covertly gaining control. Cybercriminals are all naturally opportunists, looking for the weakest or easiest access point; a company must ensure its network is stitched up like a fortress.


Attackers are now at the stage where they have control of the data. This happens right when the malware is activated. In this second stage, the company's encrypted data is no longer accessible as the hacker is now in control.


Lastly, demand is the final element that notifies the victim they're under attack, and their data is compromised. In this third stage, hackers ensure the victim is completely locked out of their data until a ransom is paid.

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